Remove Active Directory Domain Controller Metadata – remove a domain controller using a script

Taken from here, this script is fantastic! You can run this from any domain member computer while logged in as a domain administrator. This script will clean up all metadata left over from a forced removal of a domain controller, e.g. DNS and Sites & Services information.

I had a domain controller (DC) which needed to be rebuilt due to serious issues, as it was virtual, I disconnected the network, then simply formatted the OS drive and reinstalled Windows Server from scratch before connecting it back to the network. Meanwhile from another server, I ran the script below – worked beautifully.

REM    ==========================================================
REM                GUI Metadata Cleanup Utility
REM             Written By Clay Perrine
REM                          Version 2.5
REM    ==========================================================
REM     This tool is furnished "AS IS". NO warranty is expressed or Implied.
on error resume next
dim objRoot,oDC,sPath,outval,oDCSelect,objConfiguration,objContainer,errval,ODCPath,ckdcPath,myObj,comparename
rem =======This gets the name of the computer that the script is run on ======
Set sh = CreateObject("WScript.Shell")
computerName = sh.RegRead(key & "\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\ComputerName\ComputerName\ComputerName")
rem === Get the default naming context of the domain====
set objRoot=GetObject("LDAP://RootDSE")
sPath = "LDAP://OU=Domain Controllers," & objRoot.Get("defaultNamingContext")
rem === Get the list of domain controllers====
Set objConfiguration = GetObject(sPath)
For Each objContainer in objConfiguration
    outval = outval & vbtab &  objContainer.Name & VBCRLF
outval = Replace(outval, "CN=", "")
rem ==Retrieve the name of the broken DC from the user and verify it’s not this DC.===
oDCSelect= InputBox (outval," Enter the computer name to be removed","")
comparename = UCase(oDCSelect)
if comparename = computerName then
    msgbox "The Domain Controller you entered is the machine that is running this script." & vbcrlf & _
        "You cannot clean up the metadata for the machine that is running the script!",,"Metadata Cleanup Utility Error."
End If
sPath = "LDAP://OU=Domain Controllers," & objRoot.Get("defaultNamingContext")
Set objConfiguration = GetObject(sPath)
For Each objContainer in objConfiguration
    ckdcPath = "LDAP://" & "CN=" & oDCSelect & ",OU=Domain Controllers," & objRoot.Get("defaultNamingContext")
    set myObj=GetObject(ckdcPath)
    If err.number <>0 Then
        errval= 1
    End If
If errval = 1 then
    msgbox "The Domain Controller you entered was not found in the Active Directory",,"Metadata Cleanup Utility Error."
End If
abort = msgbox ("You are about to remove all metadata for the server " & oDCSelect & "! Are you sure?",4404,"WARNING!!")
if abort <> 6 then
    msgbox "Metadata Cleanup Aborted.",,"Metadata Cleanup Utility Error."
end if
oDCSelect = "CN=" & oDCSelect
ODCPath ="LDAP://" & oDCselect & ",OU=Domain Controllers," & objRoot.Get("defaultNamingContext")
sSitelist = "LDAP://CN=Sites,CN=Configuration," & objRoot.Get("defaultNamingContext")
Set objConfiguration = GetObject(sSitelist)
For Each objContainer in objConfiguration
    sitePath = "LDAP://" & oDCSelect & ",CN=Servers," &  objContainer.Name & ",CN=Sites,CN=Configuration," & _
    set myObj=GetObject(sitePath)
    If err.number = 0 Then
        siteval = sitePath
    End If    
sFRSSysvolList = "LDAP://CN=Domain System Volume (SYSVOL share),CN=File Replication Service,CN=System," & _
Set objConfiguration = GetObject(sFRSSysvolList)
For Each objContainer in objConfiguration
    SYSVOLPath = "LDAP://" & oDCSelect & ",CN=Domain System Volume (SYSVOL share),CN=File Replication Service,CN=System," & _
    set myObj=GetObject(SYSVOLPath)
    If err.number = 0 Then
        SYSVOLval = SYSVOLPath
    End If
SiteList = Replace(sSitelist, "LDAP://", "")
VarSitelist = "LDAP://CN=Sites,CN=Configuration," & objRoot.Get("defaultNamingContext")
Set SiteConfiguration = GetObject(VarSitelist)
For Each SiteContainer in SiteConfiguration
    Sitevar = SiteContainer.Name
    VarPath ="LDAP://OU=Domain Controllers," & objRoot.Get("defaultNamingContext")
    Set DCConfiguration = GetObject(VarPath)
    For Each DomContainer in DCConfiguration
        DCVar = DomContainer.Name
        strFromServer = ""
        NTDSPATH =  DCVar & ",CN=Servers," & SiteVar & "," & SiteList
        GuidPath = "LDAP://CN=NTDS Settings,"& NTDSPATH 
        Set objCheck = GetObject(NTDSPATH)
        For Each CheckContainer in objCheck
rem ====check for valid site paths =======================
            ldapntdspath = "LDAP://" & NTDSPATH
            set exists=GetObject(ldapntdspath)
            If err.number = 0 Then
                Set oGuidGet = GetObject(GuidPath)
                For Each objContainer in oGuidGet
                    oGuid = objContainer.Name
                    oGuidPath = "LDAP://" & oGuid & ",CN=NTDS Settings," & NTDSPATH  
                    Set objSitelink = GetObject(oGuidPath)
                    strFromServer = objSiteLink.Get("fromServer")
                    ispresent = Instr(1,strFromServer,oDCSelect,1)
                    if ispresent <> 0 then
                        Set objReplLinkVal = GetObject(oGuidPath)
                    end if
                sitedelval = "CN=" & comparename & ",CN=Servers," & SiteVar & "," & SiteList
                if sitedelval = ntdspath then
                    Set objguidpath = GetObject(guidpath)
                    Set objntdspath = GetObject(ldapntdspath)
                end if
            End If
Set AccountObject = GetObject(ckdcPath)
temp=Accountobject.Get ("userAccountControl")
AccountObject.Put "userAccountControl", "4096"
Set objFRSSysvol = GetObject(SYSVOLval)
Set objComputer = GetObject(ckdcPath)
Set objConfig = GetObject(siteval)
oDCSelect = Replace(oDCSelect, "CN=", "")
msgval = "Metadata Cleanup Completed for " & oDCSelect
msgbox  msgval,,"Notice."

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s